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dc.contributor.authorGardner, Karen
dc.date.accessioned2020-07-29T10:00:46Z
dc.date.available2020-07-29T10:00:46Z
dc.date.issued2009-11-27
dc.identifier.citationGardner, K. 2009. Acute cocaine toxicity: assessment and cardiac risk. Journal of Paramedic Practice, 1 (14), 570-574.en_US
dc.identifier.issn1759-1376
dc.identifier.issn2041-9457
dc.identifier.doi10.12968/jpar.2009.1.14.45377
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12417/862
dc.description.abstractThe UK has the highest prevalence of drug use within Europe, with a 13% increase in cocaine and ecstasy related deaths reported between 2004 and 2005. This is significant to emergency medical personnel because cocaine toxicity can present clinically as acute coronary syndrome (ACS) minus typical associated risk factors. Cocaine use has an immediate effect on the body, having an onset of action seconds to minutes after administration. The resultant effect is manyfold, but can be divided into the two broad categories of central nervous system and cardiovascular effects. Cocaine misuse is a trigger of ACS, acute myocardial infarction and sudden death in a population of patients largely free of classic cardiovascular risk factors. Emergency medical staff are in a position to provide early and effective management through history-taking and assessment tools in conjunction with therapeutic intervention. The aim of this article is to highlight the presentation and consequence of acute cocaine toxicity in relation to its assessment, management and cardiac emergencies within the prehospital setting. Abstract published with permission.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectEmergency Medical Servicesen_US
dc.subjectCocaineen_US
dc.subjectIschaemiaen_US
dc.subjectElectrocardiogram (ECG)en_US
dc.subjectCardiologyen_US
dc.subjectToxicologyen_US
dc.titleAcute cocaine toxicity: assessment and cardiac risken_US
dc.typeJournal Article/Review
dc.source.journaltitleJournal of Paramedic Practiceen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2020-07-13
rioxxterms.versionNAen_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2020-07-13
refterms.panelUnspecifieden_US
refterms.dateFirstOnline2013-09-29
html.description.abstractThe UK has the highest prevalence of drug use within Europe, with a 13% increase in cocaine and ecstasy related deaths reported between 2004 and 2005. This is significant to emergency medical personnel because cocaine toxicity can present clinically as acute coronary syndrome (ACS) minus typical associated risk factors. Cocaine use has an immediate effect on the body, having an onset of action seconds to minutes after administration. The resultant effect is manyfold, but can be divided into the two broad categories of central nervous system and cardiovascular effects. Cocaine misuse is a trigger of ACS, acute myocardial infarction and sudden death in a population of patients largely free of classic cardiovascular risk factors. Emergency medical staff are in a position to provide early and effective management through history-taking and assessment tools in conjunction with therapeutic intervention. The aim of this article is to highlight the presentation and consequence of acute cocaine toxicity in relation to its assessment, management and cardiac emergencies within the prehospital setting. Abstract published with permission.en_US


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