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dc.contributor.authorVoss, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorBrandling, Janet
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Hazel
dc.contributor.authorBlack, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorBuswell, Marina
dc.contributor.authorCheston, Richard
dc.contributor.authorCullum, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorFoster, Theresa
dc.contributor.authorKirby, Kim
dc.contributor.authorProthero, Larissa
dc.contributor.authorPurdy, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorSolway, Chris
dc.contributor.authorBenger, Jonathan R.
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-22T14:32:44Z
dc.date.available2019-07-22T14:32:44Z
dc.date.issued2018-08
dc.identifier.citationVoss, S. et al, 2018. How do people with dementia use the ambulance service? A retrospective study in England: the HOMEWARD project. BMJ Open, 8 (7), e022549.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2044-6055
dc.identifier.doi10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022549
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12417/79
dc.description.abstracthttps://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/8/7/e022549 Objectives An increasing number of older people are calling ambulances and presenting to accident and emergency departments. The presence of comorbidities and dementia can make managing these patients more challenging and hospital admission more likely, resulting in poorer outcomes for patients. However, we do not know how many of these patients are conveyed to hospital by ambulance. This study aims to determine: how often ambulances are called to older people; how often comorbidities including dementia are recorded; the reason for the call; provisional diagnosis; the amount of time ambulance clinicians spend on scene; the frequency with which these patients are transported to hospital. Methods We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of ambulance patient care records (PCRs) from calls to patients aged 65 years and over. Data were collected from two ambulance services in England during 24 or 48 hours periods in January 2017 and July 2017. The records were examined by two researchers using a standard template and the data were extracted from 3037 PCRs using a coding structure. Results Results were reported as percentages and means with 95% CIs. Dementia was recorded in 421 (13.9%) of PCRs. Patients with dementia were significantly less likely to be conveyed to hospital following an emergency call than those without dementia. The call cycle times were similar for patients regardless of whether or not they had dementia. Calls to people with dementia were more likely to be due to injury following a fall. In the overall sample, one or more comorbidities were reported on the PCR in over 80% of cases. Conclusion Rates of hospital conveyance for older people may be related to comorbidities, frailty and complex needs, rather than dementia. Further research is needed to understand the way in which ambulance clinicians make conveyance decisions at scene. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074617/pdf/bmjopen-2018-022549.pdf This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022549
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.subjectEmergency Medical Servicesen_US
dc.subjectAdmission avoidanceen_US
dc.subjectDementiaen_US
dc.subjectGeriatric Medicineen_US
dc.subjectPre-hospital Careen_US
dc.titleHow do people with dementia use the ambulance service? A retrospective study in England: the HOMEWARD projecten_US
dc.typeJournal Article/Review
dc.source.journaltitleBMJ Openen_US
dcterms.dateAccepted2019-07-03
rioxxterms.versionNAen_US
rioxxterms.versionofrecord10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022549en_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.urihttp://www.rioxx.net/licenses/all-rights-reserveden_US
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-07-03
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-05T09:33:12Z
refterms.panelUnspecifieden_US
refterms.dateFirstOnline2018-08
html.description.abstracthttps://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/8/7/e022549 Objectives An increasing number of older people are calling ambulances and presenting to accident and emergency departments. The presence of comorbidities and dementia can make managing these patients more challenging and hospital admission more likely, resulting in poorer outcomes for patients. However, we do not know how many of these patients are conveyed to hospital by ambulance. This study aims to determine: how often ambulances are called to older people; how often comorbidities including dementia are recorded; the reason for the call; provisional diagnosis; the amount of time ambulance clinicians spend on scene; the frequency with which these patients are transported to hospital. Methods We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of ambulance patient care records (PCRs) from calls to patients aged 65 years and over. Data were collected from two ambulance services in England during 24 or 48 hours periods in January 2017 and July 2017. The records were examined by two researchers using a standard template and the data were extracted from 3037 PCRs using a coding structure. Results Results were reported as percentages and means with 95% CIs. Dementia was recorded in 421 (13.9%) of PCRs. Patients with dementia were significantly less likely to be conveyed to hospital following an emergency call than those without dementia. The call cycle times were similar for patients regardless of whether or not they had dementia. Calls to people with dementia were more likely to be due to injury following a fall. In the overall sample, one or more comorbidities were reported on the PCR in over 80% of cases. Conclusion Rates of hospital conveyance for older people may be related to comorbidities, frailty and complex needs, rather than dementia. Further research is needed to understand the way in which ambulance clinicians make conveyance decisions at scene. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6074617/pdf/bmjopen-2018-022549.pdf This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022549en_US


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