• Impact of videolaryngoscopy introduction into prehospital emergency medicine practice: a quality improvement project.

      Steel, Alistair; Haldane, Charlotte; Cody, Dan (2021-02-15)
      Advanced airway management is necessary in the prehospital environment and difficult airways occur more commonly in this setting. Failed intubation is closely associated with the most devastating complications of airway management. In an attempt to improve the safety and success of tracheal intubation, we implemented videolaryngoscopy (VL) as our first-line device for tracheal intubation within a UK prehospital emergency medicine (PHEM) setting. https://emj.bmj.com/content/early/2021/02/14/emermed-2020-209944 This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2020-209944
    • Patient positioning and airway management in the pre-hospital setting: an observational study

      Plumbley, Stuart; Parkhe, Emma; Lambert, Ruth (2017-03)
      Abstract published with permission. Background – Pre-hospital airway management is often carried out in unconventional and challenging settings. The position of the patient requires the clinician to adjust the working position in order to get optimal visualisation. Aim and objective – This study aims to determine whether patient positioning affects the time to ventilation by tracheal intubation and the insertion of a supraglottic device in order to optimise airway management and reduce the period of hypoxia. The objective is also to compare the results of paramedics with the results of specialised critical care paramedics in order to ascertain whether additional training affects the time to ventilation in different positions. Methods – A sample of seven paramedics and seven critical care paramedics was recruited on a voluntary basis. The paramedics were timed while intubating with an endotracheal tube and inserting a supraglottic device, i-gel, from three different positions: lying down on the floor, kneeling in front of an ambulance trolley and standing with the trolley adjusted to the paramedic’s preferred height. Results – On average, both paramedics and critical care paramedics intubated from a lying down position in 26 seconds. The critical care paramedics were on average quicker than the paramedics from the kneeling and standing positions. The quickest paramedic intubation attempt was from a lying down position in 26 seconds, whereas the quickest critical care paramedic intubation attempt from a standing position by a height-adjusted trolley took 20 seconds. Conclusion – Both paramedics and critical care paramedics intubate from a lying down position in the same time. The critical care paramedics were on average quicker than the paramedics from the kneeling and standing positions. The critical care paramedics were more consistent in all their attempts, with less of a performance gap among themselves. The variation in time to ventilate among paramedics showed huge differences in the paramedics’ overall performance.
    • Single patient use versus reusable laryngeal mask airways: a comparison

      Hodkinson, Mark (2013-10)
      Abstract published with permission. The laryngeal mask airway was first developed in the 1980s by Dr Archie Brain. The market for supraglottic airways has rapidly expanded since the 1980s, incorporating both reusable and single patient use devices, varying in design, application, cost and durability. Here, the author considers theoretical and anecdotal evidence when comparing single patient use and reusable supraglottic airways. Particular attention has been drawn to the I-Gel, pro-seal laryngeal mask airway and conventional laryngeal mask airway.
    • Videoscopes: an additional tool for managing the pre-hospital airway

      Hodkinson, Mark (2013-09)
      Abstract published with permission. Airway management by pre-hospital care providers is often the subject of intense debate. It is recognised that there are wide variations in clinical training and skill fade is high among paramedics due to lack of experience and exposure (Hodkinson, 2010). Recent years have seen the development of a wide variety of video based laryngoscope devices, several of which have potential application to the pre-hospital field. There are a number of advantages and disadvantages to these devices, which are explored in more detail. Prior to any recommendations being made, further research including clinical trials would be required in the pre-hospital field, to assess the suitability of videoscope devices for paramedic airway management.