• Frailty as lived, frailty as applied: exploring lived experiences in older patients who have fallen and called 999

      Robertson, Duncan; Cooke, Mary (2016-09)
      Rationale The aim of this pilot study was to explore the personal meanings of frailty within a purposive sample of older patients who had fallen, needed an Emergency Ambulance Service response and were subsequently referred to a falls service. A systematic literature review indicated that no qualitative studies had been carried out within such a sample previously. Methods The qualitative methodology used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis; which explored the essential nature of frailty as a phenomenon though a series of subjective narrative accounts generated by focused interviews. Employing a reflexive approach to the analysis allowed completion of a participant-centred and ethically sound study. Results Analysis of six focused interviews with older adults provided a thick description which highlighted five themes: Adaptations to frailty, Focus on confidence as psychological frailty, A changing lifeworld-towards social frailty, Reconciling a frail future and Frailty as stigma. These themes were discussed in relation to sociological literature including theories concerning transitions from the third to fourth age, liminality and social death, frailty as stigma and frailty as lived and frailty as applied. Implications This sample of patients represented a group in transition. They occupied a liminal zone situated between the third and fourth age and while acknowledging oldness, they actively challenged biomedical assumptions of frailty through an emphasis on control and individual agency. This study enables paramedics to modulate their communications when encountering elders who reject the notion of frailty as a term applied. For service design, the results allow the voice of the patient group to be heard, so that solutions can be designed in an inclusive, rather than hierarchical fashion. Significantly, this thesis forms part of an emerging body of evidence that questions the usefulness of the term frailty as experienced by this sample of participants. https://emj.bmj.com/content/emermed/33/9/e11.1.full.pdf This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2016-206139.35
    • Paramedic attitudes towards DNACPR orders

      Armitage, Ewan; Jones, Colin (2017-10)
      Abstract published with permission. Background: Qualitative research involving paramedics and their involvement in end-of-life (EoL) care has already been published, but there have been no published attitudinal studies specifically relating to do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DNACPR) orders and paramedics working in the pre-hospital setting in the UK. Objective: To gain an understanding of paramedic attitudes towards an increasingly common aspect of paramedic practice, focusing specifically on the pre-hospital environment and identifying any corelation between gender, length of service, and level of educational attainment. Design: A paper-based questionnaire was distributed to all paramedic grades, operational out of two ambulance stations of a regional NHS ambulance service in March 2017. The questionnaires were designed using a combination of free-text boxes and Likert scales. A total of 33 questionnaires were issued and 11 completed questionnaires were returned. Results: Respondents indicated the importance of communication in relation to DNACPR orders, as well as the role of allied health professionals and family members in the process. Respecting the patient’s wishes was considered paramount, as was educational provision surrounding DNACPRs. Conclusion: The majority of respondents reported that they were comfortable incorporating DNACPR orders in their clinical practice, although more modest responses were returned regarding the level of education received in this area of paramedicine.
    • Sharing data from the Ambulance Service to avoid admission for hypoglycaemia

      Dermott, S.; Byrne, J.; McCrory, S.; Rajbhandari, S. (2016-03)